Avoid overuse of products. Exercise – especially in cold air – is a frequent asthma trigger. Vacuum carpets, area rugs, and floors regularly using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter. At least every 2 to 3 days, vacuum or sweep areas that might attract cockroaches or mice. In this case, your doctor may recommend allergy shots for you. Strong emotions can lead to very fast breathing, called hyperventilation, that can also cause an asthma attack. Get a small tool called a hygrometer to check humidity levels and keep them as low as you can—no higher than 50%. People who are highly sensitive to dust will have a difficult time avoiding it. A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. This irritation in your airway or fast breathing can cause an asthma flare-up too. Pay attention to air quality forecasts on radio, television, and the internet and check your newspaper to plan your activities for when air pollution levels will be low. Infections, viruses, and diseases that affect your lungs can trigger your asthma. Exposure to occupational triggers, such as chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing High humidity increases the risk for mold and mildew growth. Dust mites are microscopic bugs that are in many homes. Some of the most common indoor asthma triggers include environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke), dust mites, mold, cockroaches and other pests, and household pets. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. This treatment can reduce your asthma symptoms during a flare-up and may make some triggers more manageable. Don’t forget to inspect your home’s outside to see where bugs might be hiding. To learn more about mold cleanup in the home after a flood see Homeowner’s and Renter’s Guide to Mold Cleanup After Disasters. Choose products for disinfecting that are less likely to cause an asthma attack, such as products with hydrogen peroxide (no stronger than 3%) or ethanol (ethyl alcohol). Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and to replace the filter as needed. It's actually the dust mites' feces … Get yourself tested for allergies. Wash linens on the hottest water setting. Work with your doctor to identify your asthma triggers. Avoid being outside during peak pollen times of day. All rights reserved. It’s important to identify your triggers … Improve ventilation by turning on exhaust fans. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Buy dust-proof pillow wraps that go between your pillow and your pillowcase. Asthma triggers are common, which is precisely what makes them so troublesome. Follow @CDCasthma on Twitter to learn more about helping people with asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma. Although you can’t cure asthma, you can control it. Some tips to help you eliminate these asthma … Keep relative humidity levels in the home low, around 30- 50%. Avoid using bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or quaternary ammonium compounds in enclosed spaces and limit their use. Exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution 7. Read on to learn some…. Indoor pets should be bathed frequently. Infections linked to influenza (flu), colds, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can trigger an asthma attack. Using allergen-proof mattress and pillow covers. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Humidity levels change over the course of a day, so check the humidity levels more than once a day. Using an air cleaner with HEPA filter, and. Open doors and windows to bring in fresh air, if it’s safe to do so. Avoid using sprays and foggers as these can cause asthma attacks. Don’t use down-filled pillows, quilts, or comforters. To control pests in your home: Furry pets can trigger an asthma attack if you are allergic to them. Mold and mildew are two big asthma triggers. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a form of asthma that is triggered by physical activity. Disinfectants can trigger an asthma attack. Because knowing and understanding potential asthma triggers can help you more effectively manage your asthma, we put together a guide to common asthma triggers… Be sure to toss out any shower curtains, rugs, leaves, or firewood with mold or mildew. The trigger: Dust mites According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, dust mites are one of the most common triggers for asthma and allergies. In some cases, asthma is associated with substances you may be exposed to at work. Exposure to secondhand smoke 6. Having another allergic condition, such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever) 3. Asthma can be stressful and challenging. Dust mites, a common allergen, love to hide out in places and rooms we frequent, including bedrooms, living rooms, and offices. Airway obstruction. Knowing the common asthma triggers can make the life of an asthma patient much easier. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Dander is one trigger, and all animals have it (some more than others). 2 Once in the airways, they set off a reaction that leads to asthma symptoms: wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. If you have asthma, people should never smoke near you, in your home, in your car, or wherever you may spend a lot of time. Cockroaches aren’t just creepy; they can make you sick, too. To help limit your exposure to asthma triggers, follow a schedule for cleaning and disinfecting to prevent overuse of products. Saving Lives, Protecting People, EPA’s 6 steps for Safe and Effective Disinfectant Use, Adults – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Children – Hospital emergency departments, Children – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Mixed Age Groups – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Pregnant Women – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, Health care providers – Medical clinics/physicians’ office, State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs, Historical Information:  Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010, 1A. Additionally, proteins found in an animal’s saliva, feces, urine, hair, and skin can trigger asthma. Watch out for an attack when you can’t avoid the triggers. When the airway comes into contact with one of many asthma triggers, it becomes inflamed, constricts, and fills with mucus. Make sure there is enough air flow (ventilation). Additionally, food allergies may cause an asthma attack, especially if you have a history of having an anaphylactic reaction to a food allergen. Common triggers include cold and flu, dust mites, smoke, exercise and pollen. This pollution can come from many sources, including factories, cars, or wildfire smoke. Asthma triggers are things that can make your asthma symptoms flare up. Respiratory Infections Cause Attacks. Use air conditioning if you have it. When a person with asthma is exposed to a trigger it can cause a sudden asthma attack, episode, or flare-up. Use an air conditioner or dehumidifier to maintain low indoor humidity. Consider the options listed in this…, Severe asthma affects everyone differently, and it can be difficult to get under control. Seal cracks or openings in cabinets, walls, baseboards, and around plumbing. Allergies – Many asthma sufferers have allergies. Scrub mold off hard surfaces with detergent and water. Exercise can be a common asthma trigger, but this is one trigger you shouldn’t avoid. Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid reflux can also trigger attacks. It is also known as exercise-induced … Remove as many water and food sources as you can. Infections linked to influenza (flu), colds, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can trigger an asthma attack. Breathing in too much of this smoke can cause an asthma attack. An asthma attack can be triggered by exposure to an allergen, such as tree, grass or weed pollen, dust mites, cockroaches or animal dander.Other common triggers are irritants in the … Call an exterminator or use roach gels to reduce the number of bugs in your home. Gut health is key to overall health, therefore, taking care of anything going on within the gut, can help relieve symptoms of asthma… Avoid them whenever possible, and you’ll avoid flare-ups and feel better. Irritantsare things in the environment that irritate your lungs and make it difficult for you to breathe, even though they are not an allergy for you. The fragrances can trigger asthma attacks. Follow these precautions when cleaning or disinfecting places where people with asthma may spend time, such as homes, schools, or workplaces: To learn more about cleaning to prevent illness in your home, including which products are effective, see Cleaning and Disinfecting your Home. 1. Being overweight 4. Any disinfectant can trigger an asthma attack, but you can take steps to reduce the chances of that happening: Use soap and water or cleaners certified by the. For buildings with heating or cooling systems that have fresh (outdoor) air intakes, turn on the fresh air intake to bring in fresh air. You can do everything you need in order to prevent these triggers from causing an asthma attack. Get rid of mold in your home to help control your attacks. If you have severe asthma, you're at a higher risk for an asthma attack. Asthma UK has more information on asthma triggers. Though allergic asthma is very common, there are other types of asthma with different kinds of triggers. An allergy to a food can trigger asthma. Knowing what causes your asthma symptoms is an important step toward controlling your … Do not mix chemical products together. In this case, using the highest MERV rating possible will provide the most effective air cleaning. People with asthma should try to stay away when cleaners or disinfectants are being used and right after their use. Use pesticide baits and traps in areas away from children and pets, following manufacturers’ instructions. Some of the most common causes of occupational asthma … Digestive issues such as SIBO, chronic gut infections, and leaky gut are other common triggers for asthma symptoms. Examples include colds, respiratory infections, pneumonia, and the flu. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. In fact, the common cold is behind around 4 out of 5 bad asthma attacks. Dry damp or wet items within 24 to 48 hours to prevent mold growth. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dander is one trigger, and all animals have it (some more than others). “Secondhand smoke” is smoke created by a smoker and breathed in by a second person. Allergens like dust and mold. Learn more here about the best foods to eat for…. Having a blood relative (such as a parent or sibling) with asthma 2. The best way to avoid a flare-up from these triggers is to avoid the animal altogether. Indoor mold growth is often found in damp areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements, or in areas where water damage has occurred. Never hesitate to seek emergency medical attention if your rescue medication isn't working. Exposure to cold weather may also cause a flare-up in some people. Replace absorbent materials, such as ceiling tiles and carpet, if mold is present. An asthma trigger is something in your environment or an activity that makes asthma worse. In general, the things that trigger asthma are small enough to be inhaled and make it into the airways. For some people, asthma can be triggered by exercise, infections, cold air, gastroesophageal reflux disease or stress. Exposure to pollen, air pollution, cigarette smoke, and fumes from burning vegetation can make your asthma flare up. Lots of common medication allergies can also be triggers. There are many types of mold which can be found in any climate. Cockroaches and other pests are often found where food is eaten and crumbs are left behind. If you believe you have allergic asthma, ask your doctor about getting an allergy test. Though you can’t see it coming, you definitely can prevent its trigger by avoiding certain circumstances, material or environment known as Asthma triggers. Another common asthma trigger, dust mites are microscopic bugs that are commonly found in the dust inside of homes. Some systems cannot accept high efficiency filters. Removing these common triggers from your home can help you manage your child’s asthma … These bugs and their droppings are a potential asthma trigger. In some cases, avoiding all of your asthma triggers can be difficult. During normal breathing, the bands of muscle that surround the airways are relaxed, and air moves freely. The lining of the airway may swell, causing the airway to narrow. Clean visibly dirty surfaces before disinfecting. Food allergies (not a common trigger in adults, but can cause asthma symptoms, usually in children under age 5) Some people are affected by a number of triggers, while others may only have one trigger such as in exercise-induced asthma. Carpets and rugs are dust magnets, too. Sinus infections and acid reflux can also cause an asthma flare-up, as can some medicines. Asthma is a complex condition, and there's no one single treatment for people with moderate to severe symptoms. If exercise-induced asthma is a concern, talk with your doctor about medications that help prevent asthma flare-ups when you’re physically active. Dust is a good example. Last medically reviewed on August 2, 2016, Eating a balanced diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables may help improve asthma symptoms. Common Asthma Triggers • Many people with asthma have allergies, which can trigger asthma symptoms. When you are exposed to bothersome allergens, you may experience asthma or allergy symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, runny nose, and/or watery eyes. One of the most common asthma attack triggers… Many people have more than one kind of asthma trigger. Take this assessment to see the impact of…, An allergic asthma attack can be life-threatening. Secondhand smoke can trigger an asthma attack. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Read on…, If you live with allergic asthma, there are steps you can take to manage your condition and make day-to-day life easier. Physical exercise; some medicines; bad weather, such as thunderstorms or high humidity; breathing in cold, dry air; and some foods, food additives, and fragrances can also trigger an asthma attack. Dust and mold are allergens that may bring on an attack or make your asthma … How To Deal With Common Asthma Triggers 1. Use safer products. This is known as occupational asthma. Common asthma triggers Colds, flu and other respiratory infections Colds and flu can hit hard if you have asthma. Always follow the instructions on the product label. Feathered and furry friends can trigger asthma, Finding the Right Specialist for Allergic Asthma - Learn the Difference, Allergic Asthma and Your Lifestyle: Assess the Impact. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Fix water leaks, such as leaky plumbing, which let mold grow behind walls and under floors as soon as you can. Your doctor will inject tiny amounts of the allergen into your body, and over time your body will learn to recognize it and not respond to it as severely as it once did. Physical activity is important for your overall health, and it’s a risk worth taking. Air conditioning reduces indoor air pollutants, such as pollen, and it lowers the humidity in the room or house. Encourage household members who smoke to quit. Vacuum, sweep, and mop any areas where you see cockroaches. Spray or pour spray products onto a cleaning cloth or paper towel instead of spraying the product directly onto the cleaning surface (if the product label allows) to help limit exposure. Using a high efficiency filter (MERV 13 or higher) with your heating and cooling system can help keep air clean by removing particles such as smoke, pollen, and traffic pollution from the air. If you discover a cockroach problem, take steps to eliminate them. Dry completely. Clean dishes, crumbs, and spills right away. You can prevent flare-ups from these triggers by being aware of damp places in your kitchen, bath, basement, and around the yard. Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid … Be wise about incorporating physical activity, exercise, and outdoor activities into your life. Additionally, proteins found in any climate be causing attacks, you may want to the! Cockroaches aren’t just creepy ; they can trigger an asthma attack detergent and water smoke from burning or! Drip pans regularly to not have any animals indoors, if it s... 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