The nodal medical officer of Kasargod district, who played a key role in Kerala’s campaign against the pesticide endosulfan, refuses to answer. Stories from Kasargod , fighting endosulfan to regain life and living land There are thousands of water sources in our village. The pesticide endosulfan was sprayed aerially for around 25 years in cashew plantations situated in Kasargod and caused severe diseases and extensive malformations among people living in the region. On the basis of this in-vestigation, in November 2010 the PCB banned endosulfan throughout the state. xref ... and health issues due to its bioaccumulation came under media attention when health issues precipitated in the Kasargod District of Kerala were publicised. The tragedy of people exposed to pesticide Endosulfan in Kasaragod district of Kerala is continuing. This district is famous for its cashew plantation. Ban on Endosulfan. As time passed, local activist groups convinced that the illness was being caused by ‘endosulfan’ - a very old off-patent pesticide of the organochlorine class [2]. The estate is spread over 2190 Ha. 0000003120 00000 n In another claim children are being born even now with genetic defects [4]. Kasargod District is located in the southern part of India in Kerala State. 113 18 Endosulfan was the only pesticide applied to cashew plantations in the villages for 20 years, and had contaminated the village environment. Kasaragod([kɑːsɾɡoːɖ] and anglicised to Kassergode is one of the 14 districts in the southern Indian state of Kerala.It is the northernmost district of Kerala and is included in the North Malabar region. endosulfan spraying. To protect this crop since the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been widely used and aerially sprayed on cashew nut plantation covering several villages in the district [1]. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. Endosulfan was aerially sprayed for many years in the cashew planta-tions of Kasargod district, though it has now been discon-tinued. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. Environmental groups such as Pesticide Action Network and Thanal has campaigned globally with horror-inducing pictures of the endosulphan effect on the human lives and environment [2], Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc), References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries, Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites, Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network. 115 0 obj<>stream 0000002502 00000 n About 500 persons have lost their lives over the past decade owing to various diseases triggered by the large-scale use of pesticides in the district [4]. endosulfan isomers of 35 to 37 days at ph 7.0 and 150 to 187 days at ph 5.5.bio degradation may be an important fate process with a half- life of 11 weeks for endosulfan sulphate incubated with mixed cultures from a sandy loam soil. Endosulfan pesticide was used widely on crops like cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits and others until 2011, when the Supreme Court banned its production and distribution. Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the Do you consider this an environmental justice success? 0 Kasargod District is located in the southern part of India in Kerala State. They are demanding an immediate intervention to ensure a complete stoppage of pesticide usage and advocate for the organic farming [3] [4]. ENDOSULFAN MALAYALAM PDF. A study by Centre for Science and Environment in 2001 in the area after the spraying was stopped also found the presence of endosulfan in humans, water bodies and soil. After the toxicity of the pesticide came into limelight in 2001 in Kasargod District, Kerala banned it. May 2, 2020 admin. Some studies tried to correlate the occurrence of illness due to the endosulphan poisoning and other claim that the disease occurrence is normal and cannot be correlated with the spraying as endosulphan decay fast in warm Indian climate. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. 0000000656 00000 n 0000014941 00000 n Because of its persistence in the environ-ment for a long time and its toxicity, endosulfan contami-nation in the environment is of great concern. The side-effects of pesticide spray in cashew plantations are not restricted only in that district rather it was spread into the neighboring districts Karnataka, adjacent to Kasaragod [4]. 0000005232 00000 n In 2011, SC banned the production, distribution & use of endosulfan in India. This one is a Traditional water source, Suranga Land, People, Tradition, Culture. Environmentalists and denizens of this district began to believe this spray was slowly poisoning people. On  31, said that the Kerala government was ignoring the sufferings of mothers and, children. There is an update to this case (while the origins of, the case are reported in full in Sunita Narain’s book of 2017). Endosulfan is considered as Persistent organic Pollutant (PoP) in ‘Stockholm Convention’ held in Geneva on 29th April, 2011. Its residues spread far and wide via wind and rain, leaving a trail of destruction in the district and neighbouring regions of Karnataka, killing more than 1,00… This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. button above. Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available: Anti-Endosulfan Committee, Democratic Youth Federation of India (Kerala wing), Endosulfan Apamaana Vimochana Samiti, Endosulfan-affected Peoples' Front, Pesticide Action Network, Thanal campaigning, Endosulfan Peeditha Janakeeya Munnani, HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...), Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt. This was when the victims of indiscriminate spraying of the pesticide, Endosulfan in Kasaragod district staged an agitation in January 2018, demanding, that the State government implement the Supreme Court order issued in January, 2017 to disburse ₹5 lakh (less than 10,000 USD) as compensation to  victims on the “official list” within three. The formulation that was sprayed contained about 0.05-0.1 per cent of endosulfan [2]. Print The matter is highly controversial one and according to some reports what really happened in Kasargod is not very clear. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. 0000000016 00000 n More than 3000 people living near, downstream and… People living in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district were exposed to the insecticide endosulfan – a highly potent neurotoxin – between 1975 and 2000, when the public sector Plantation Corporation of Kerala sprayed the chemical aerially on its 12,000-acre cashew estates. Endosulfan was sprayed in Kerala, on two days each year on cashew plantations from a helicopter. People residing in the villages near or within the plantation have felt that they are affected by different kinds of illnesses. According to an estimate by Anti-Endosulfan Committee about 8,000-9,000 persons in Kasaragod district are affected due to the spraying of endosulfan in the cashew plantations. This district is famous for its cashew plantation. Endosulfan is a mixture of two isomers alpha-endosulfan and beta endosulfan mixed in the ratio 70:30 respectively. From the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. 0000001162 00000 n endosulfan has been banned since 2004, and yet, the Pollution Control Board (PCB) of Kerala during its monitoring (2008-10) revealed endosulfan residues in the water resources, including in the Shiriya river in Kasargod district. Was environmental justice served? The government estimates 710 people had died due to ill effects of aerial spraying of Endosulfan in cashew plantations in 4,696 hectares in the northern district from 1976 to 2000. They organized protest demonstration, strikes, and other means to lodge their demands for an end to the spraying of endosulfan in Kasaragod district. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in ... British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. INSIDE STORY: How endosulfan poisoned Kasargod – News. India’s Endosulfan Disaster – A review of the Health impacts and status of remediation October 2009 3 The aerial spraying of endosulfan over the cashew plantations in Kasaragod district in Kerala, India was started in 1978. 0000001327 00000 n In a controlled environment ,losses from the grass and 0000001059 00000 n endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. The Government of Kerala was therefore forced to impose a ban on the use of endosulfan in 2004. The endosulfan controversy first began in the late 1990s. startxref Consequently, the Government of India banned the sale and use of endosulfan in Kerala from 2005 onwards. The World Health Organizationestim… 0000002591 00000 n However, the activists estimated that the death perhaps is much more. 0000001447 00000 n Villagers also observed that unique kinds of illness have started emerging among human and animals which was never seen before. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in It is famous for Cashew Plantation with high yielding varieties and are being scientifically managed [5]. In Kasargod, a sleepy, scenic, but sweltering hot district of northern Kerala, rumours emerged that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations was causing abnormal cases of cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses. 0000004177 00000 n 0000021569 00000 n %%EOF ?��V>�'. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. CONTINUING DISASTER OF ENDOSULFAN IN KASARGOD AND KANNUR DISTRICTS OF KERALA Abstract Between 1976 and 2000, more than 50,000 villagers of Kasargod district in Kerala, India have been exposed to endosulfan, a persistent organic pesticide, sprayed on the cashew plantations owned by the Plantation Corporation of Kerala. This was welcome relief for the people of Kasargod. British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. 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