Fibre. Fibre varieties may reach 3m in height under Irish conditions and are selected to produce large quantities of high-quality fibre. While hemp fiber was the first choice for industry, the coarseness of the fiber restricted hemp from apparel and most home uses. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Hash Marihuana and Hemp Museum - Cannabis Sativa, hemp - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Hemp fibre is one of the strongest, longest and most durable vegetable fibres. Durable, sustainable textiles is one of the many Uses of Hemp, and Thailand is setting its sights on the global hemp fibre market. Hemp is grown in temperate zones as an annual cultivated from seed and can reach a height of up to 5 metres (16 feet). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... drug cult: Hemp, mushrooms, cacti, and their derivatives. Hemp fibre can be spun as smooth as silk or as coarse as burlap. The first recorded use of hemp dates back to around 8000 BC where hemp rope was found in a piece of pottery in an ancient village site that’s now modern-day Taiwan. Victoria, British Columbia-based Bast Fibre Technologies announced the agreement with Georgia-Pacific on Tuesday. Industrial Hemp. Industrial hemp is truly a plant for the ambitions of the 21 st century. China, the world’s leading producer of hemp fabric, uses chemical methods for processing hemp, while producers in Europe have begun using cleaner biologically-based enzyme technology. For the collection, ATRA has partnered with Cloverly, an online application service that allows customers to pay more to offset the carbon used in the production and transportation of their product. Hemp fibre is 100% biodegradable and compostable, encouraging an environmentally friendly and sustainable approach to growing. Hemp was first grown in Asia and is one of the oldest cultivated fibre plants – in fact, the oldest piece of fabric fibre ever found is an 8,000-year-old piece of hemp. By Jeremy Briggs. It has comparatively low nutrient and water requirements. Hemp seeds require a firm seedbed and good soil contact to germinate well. Hemp seed milk is used as an alternative to dairy milk in drinks and recipes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. Seed breeders are developing new strains of low THC varieties. Probably the most widespread plant having psychedelic properties and used in cults is Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa, which grows all... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Georgia-Pacific, a giant in the paper-manufacturing industry, is partnering with a Canadian firm that uses hemp-based fibers for a variety of nonwoven products. This is because it offers the strongest and longest natural fiber known to mankind. The oil obtained from hemp seed can be used to make paints, varnishes, soaps, and edible oil with a low smoke point. ATRA chose to use hemp as the upholstery fabric because of the material's natural qualities and production methods. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The World & Hemp. Hemp uses makes clothing last longer. The top FIVE uses of Hemp Fibers are: 1. They added that it also doesn't require pesticides or harmful chemicals to grow, and is free of microplastics, and absorbs more carbon dioxide produces more oxygen than other commercial crops and plants. Countries across the world have realized the uses of the wonder fiber called Hemp. Layout sofa by Numen/For Use for Prostoria, Visit our comments page | Read our comments policy, ATRA uses hemp fibre and recycled materials for Nerthus-Sofa furniture collection, Yusuke Seki used the fibre to create sculptural pieces. Hemp fabrics have superior qualities such as UV resistance, distinctive feel, antibacterial properties, and breathability. Thousands of products made from petroleum-based plastics can be produced from hemp-based composites. Hemp being one of the strongest natural fibres on earth provides the strength of a synthetic fibre. The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of every email, or by emailing us at privacy@dezeen.com. Hemp fibre is one of the strongest and most durable of all natural textile fibers. Hemp Textile Uses 1. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. Hemp can be used to produce fiberboard that is stronger and lighter than wood. A fast growing crop, it has one of the highest rates of CO 2 absorption. For examples, Manila hemp (abaca) is Musa textilis Née, sisal hemp is Agave sisalina Perrine, and sunn hemp is Crotolaria juncea L. Especially confusing is the phrase “Indian hemp,” which has been used both for narcotic Asian land races of C. sativa (so-called C. indica Lamarck of India) and Apocynum cannabinum L., which was used by North American Indians as a fiber plant. To make clothes or textiles. Coarse Hemp fibers and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy –duty tarpaulins. Hemp fibres are finding increasing use as reinforcements in composite materials, often replacing glass fibres. Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. The slender canelike stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. Hemp is primarily used for paper manufacturing in Europe due to low lignin content. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. We will only use your email address to send you the newsletters you have requested. Although sometimes pulled up by hand, plants are more often cut off about 2.5 cm (1 inch) above the ground. Hemp is usually planted between March and May in the northern hemisphere, between September and November in the southern hemisphere. Strips of white hemp fabric, a fibre produced from a strain of cannabis, wrap around the frame to form a supportive base. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. The bast fiber is longer and stronger than that of its legal cousin, and is typically used for textiles and rope making. Dezeen Daily is sent every day and contains all the latest stories from Dezeen. Hemp has grown in popularity as designers and architects search for more sustainable materials to use in their designs. Some of the celebrity clothing labels that use hemp fibers are Ralph Lauren, Armani and Calvin Klein. Hemp seeds are also often cold-pressed (as hemp seed oil) and used as in skin care products, acting as a natural moisturiser. Its stalk can be converted to fiber for rope, textiles, paper and construction materials. Hemp is sometimes confused with the cannabis plants that serve as sources of the drug marijuana and the drug preparation hashish. ATRA's hemp covering is available in a range of colour options, white, black, olive green, forest green, navy blue and brown. Overall, hemp is the strongest, longest-lasting organic plant fibre on this planet! One of these properties is the thermal degradation at elevated temperatures. The extracted fibres are in the form of large fibre bundles useful in non-woven fibre mats, which are made by air-drying and needle punching with uncontrolled and thereby random fiber orientation. Later with research came Industrial hemp and so hemp fibre became a reality. Hemp cultivation for fibre was recorded in China as early as 2800 bce and was practiced in the Mediterranean countries of Europe early in the Christian era, spreading throughout the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. Arup designs parklets to help Liverpool's restaurants reopen ... Seiton storage by OEO Studio for Stellar Works. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. Hemp seeds are an additional natural source to top up fibre consumption, with approx 1.2g fibre per three tablespoons. The edible seeds contain about 30 percent oil and are a source of protein, fibre, and magnesium. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. According to the creators, the cloth requires 50 per cent less water to grow and produce compared to other fibres. Watch this clip from a 1940s film promoting the production of hemp for the U.S. war effort. Chinese fibre 3. Hemp is called a fibre of hundred uses. Poland – currently grows hemp for fabric and cordage and manufactures hemp particle board. It is unmatched in durability, resiliency, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties, making it the most popular fibre for the eco-conscious in the fashion industry. Although all three products—hemp, marijuana, and hashish—contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a compound that produces psychoactive effects in humans, the variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp has only small amounts of THC relative to that grown for the production of marijuana or hashish. Hemp is used in tapestry, hats, shawls, rugs, posters, and towel. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ATRA teamed up with San Francisco company MoonCloth, which focuses on producing products made from hemp, to create the collection. Blocks modular furniture by OMA for Lensvelt. Hemp needed to be softened. When Hemp came on the horizon, many countries saw a plant that was thought to be useful for producing narcotic substances like marijuana and cannabis alone. Tatham Ltd is a manufacturing and electrical engineering company based in Bradford, West Yorkshire. The plant-based textile is also used on flat square pads, attached bolsters and matching set of pillows. Dezeen Weekly is a curated newsletter that is sent every Thursday, containing highlights from Dezeen. In line with the exterior elements, the furniture's stuffing is made with recycled or discarded objects like horsehair. The first pair of Levis Strauss jeans was fabricated from hemp. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. The rectangular-shaped frames are available in either teak or mahogany wood. Strips of white hemp fabric, a fibre produced from a strain of cannabis, wrap around the frame to form a supportive base. Most of this fibre reaching…. Hemp grown in Ireland may be used to produce both fibre and seed. The leaves are compound with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish yellow. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. Related storyYusuke Seki showcases fragile hemp textiles across banks of metal rods. Plants grown for oilseed are planted farther apart and are shorter and many-branched. Hemp fiber is one of the dominant classes of bast natural fibers, commonly procured from the hemp plant with the species of Cannabis. Hemp has frequently been called “the plant with 1000 uses” and it’s easy to see why. Hemp as a Fuel And Energy Source. Fabrics made from line fibre can have a texture similar to linen; very different to the feel of wearing something akin to a hessian sack that some people may have experienced with hemp clothing There are so many uses for hemp fibers from animal bedding to hempcrete bricks to plastic composites of all sorts! In Italy, fine Hemp fibers are used for interior design and apparel fabrics. Omissions? Hemp fiber has been used since ancient times to make textiles. It is easily available and readily cultivable. Let’s take a closer look at a few of the many uses for hemp. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. Early Chinese civilisations used hemp to make fishing nets, ropes, clothes and paper. The core of both kenaf and hemp are also one of the most absorbent materials on the planet. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. For more details, please see our privacy notice. Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. Long hemp fibers can be spun and woven to fine quality fabric used in clothing, home furnishing textiles and floor coverings. Shelled hemp seeds, sometimes called hemp hearts, are sold as a health food and may be eaten raw; they are commonly sprinkled on salads or blended with fruit smoothies. The common features of natural fibers along with inherent mechanical, thermal, and acoustic properties of hemp fibers make them beneficial for reinforcements in polymer composite materials [35,59,60]. Historically, the seed’s chief commercial use has been for caged-bird feed. It is cheaper than most textiles that are obtained organically and way more ecologically sustainable than … Natural fibres are heterogeneous mixtures of organic materials and heat treatment at elevated temperatures can result in … Dezeen Weekly subscribers will also receive occasional updates about events, competitions and breaking news. Crops grow best in sandy loam with good drainage and require average monthly rainfall of at least 65 mm (2.5 inches) throughout the growing season. Hemp was primarily used in making sails & ropes for ships. It was planted in Chile in the 1500s and a century later in North America. Hemp seed oil is often confused with hemp CBD oil but differs in that it does not contain any significant cannabidiol content.. Hemp oil has many uses, has an amazing nutritional profile, is excellent for skincare, and is credited with a wide range of potential health benefits. "Both companies share a home in California, where the beauty of nature and the effect of climate change are visible and have inspired this collection," ATRA said. Alfredo Häberli creates "architectural" Giro Soft sofa for ... Erika Cross models convertible Step table on industrial tools. Until development in the 1980’s made it possible to remove lignin from the hemp fibre without compromising its strength, hemp’s use for clothing and other non-industry uses wasn’t possible as it was too course for comfort. It matures in about three to four months. They have demonstrated the benefits of using hemp to cleanse soils contaminated by … While its … The physical and mechanical properties of these fibres are still being explored. Hemp fibre: Textiles Historically hemp was predominantly used as an industrial fibre due to its strength for sails, rope and paper. Each of the pieces is framed with FSC reclaimed wood that has been locally sourced and produced using certified sustainable practices. Hemp originated in Central Asia. Not only is Hemp strong, but it also holds its shape, stretching less than any other natural fiber. Nearly every part of the plant can be used for human benefit. Hemp uses. Japanese designer Yusuke Seki used the fibre to create sculptural pieces and Practice Architecture used the cannabis material in panels for a house. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of every newsletter. Furniture design studio ATRA has created a modular sofa system upholstered with a hemp-based fabric. ATRA and MoonCloth said the material choices are intended to make the collection more environmentally friendly in the face of the climate crisis. Because hemp s… Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. Industrial hemp has been used for decades as the main fiber in the production of textiles such as apparel, clothing, rugs, shoes, upholstery and hats. Hemp seed oil can be used to produce non-toxic diesel fuel, paint, varnish, detergent, ink and lubricating oil. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. NRC enzyme-treated fibre. Modern Uses of Industrial Hemp: Stalks Bast Fibre Textiles. Nerthus-Sofa collection comprises lounges, chairs and ottomans made from individual pieces that can be slotted together to create a large singular unit. Hemp is one of the oldest cultivated crops that exists, with a history that stems back some 10,000 years. Netherlands – conducting a four year study to evaluate and test hemp for paper and is developing processing equipment. There are over 50,000 uses for industrial hemp and we are happy to present you with one more. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. For thousands of years, hemp fiber has been used for many industrial applications. Crops cultivated for fibre are densely sowed and produce plants averaging 2–3 metres (6–10 feet) tall with almost no branching. A long standing use for bast fibers are their use in textiles. It has highly versatile uses for its fibre, hurd (the woody core of the stem), leaves and seeds. Uses of Hemp fiber . The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. "In a crucial time for the environment, the Nerthus-Sofa is emblematic of how ATRA intends to adapt their business and support driving action in the luxury design community.". Fibres are obtained by subjecting the stalks to a series of operations—including retting, drying, and crushing—and a shaking process that completes separation from the woody portion, releasing the long, fairly straight fibre, or line. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. You will shortly receive a welcome email so please check your inbox. Production of aligned fiber assemblies can also be done at laboratory scale by combing the fibers in water, stretching them and air-drying them. Tatham manufactures hemp decorticating and cleaning machinery to provide clean hemp fibre and shiv suitable for onward processing. Let’s examine some of the kenaf fiber uses. Found in the bast of hemp plant, these fibres have specific strength and stiffness that are comparable to those of glass fibres. In fibre production, maximum yield and quality are obtained by harvesting soon after the plants reach maturity, indicated by the full blossoms and freely shedding pollen of the male plants. Sailors relied upon hemp cordage for strength to hold their ships and sails, and the coarseness of the fiber made hemp useful for canvas, sailcloth, sacks, rope, and paper. Biodiesel fuel from Hemp Seed Oil. Hemp is a bast fibre plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie derived from the stalk of plants. This prevents Hemp garments from stretching out or becoming distorted with use. CBD Made From Hemp A Little Bit of Hemp Fiber History In Western and Eastern Europe as well as the Orient, hemp fibers have been used to strengthen composite products, and in other building materials for many construction and manufacturing applications. 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