[44][46] All of this work, along with a tutorship, helped Tarbell as she worked on her first biography, a book on Madame Roland: the leader of an influential salon during the French Revolution. Before the tour, Tarbell trained for public speaking with Frank Sargent of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. Tarbell concluded the series with a two-part character study of Rockefeller, perhaps the first CEO profile ever, though she never met or even talked to him. Finley was the young college President, and he would go on to contribute to Tarbell's work on Standard Oil and rise to become the editor of The New York Times. Tarbell grew up in Pennsylvania oil towns, witnessing first-hand the corrupt practices of large corporations. It was not until years later, as her tremors worsened and affected her handwriting, that she finally learned of the diagnosis. [122] On September 14, 2002, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp honoring Tarbell as part of a series of four stamps honoring women journalists. Discount books. McCully, Emily Arnold. [71] She frequented the Hotel Brevoort, where Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) also dined. Share Kathleen Brady. "[49], It was during this time that Tarbell received bad news and then a shock. [55] Tarbell was then offered the position of youth editor to replace Frances Hodgson Burnett. I will miss the warmth of being home this year, for sure. Ida Tarbell Movements Ida Tarbell's goal was to criticize the Oil Industry's brutal system (she was against big, controlling businesses) in America because she saw the monopolies/power it held and fraud it created but also the selfish, profit-obsessed Robber Barron that John D. Tarbell also traveled to all then 48 states on the lecture circuit and spoke on subjects including the evils of war, world peace, American politics, trusts, tariffs, labor practices, and women's issues. Indeed, she invented a new form of journalism. Originally from Pennsylvania, where her father made his fortune in the oil boom and then lost his business due to Rockefeller's monopoly on oil, Ida Tarbell read widely in her childhood. Born in November 5th 1857, Ida was the first child of Franklin Summer and Ann McCulloch Tarbell. [41][42] The apartment was within a few blocks of the Panthéon, Notre-Dame de Paris, and the Sorbonne. [9] The government of Pennsylvania eventually moved to disband the South Improvement Company. Ida Tarbell was the lone woman to enter Allegheny in the fall of 1876. [18][19] The South Improvement Company secretly worked with the railroads to raise the rates on oil shipment for independent oil men. Mariller invited Tarbell to visit the Roland Country estate, Le Clos. Ida Tarbell (November 5, 1857–January 6, 1944) was a critic of corporate power and muckraking journalist. Ida Tarbell is best known for the two-volume work, originally nineteen articles for McClure's, on John D. Rockefeller and his oil interests, titled "The History of the Standard Oil Company" and published in 1904. [44], Tarbell returned from Paris in the summer of 1894, [53] and, after a visit with family in Titusville, moved to New York City. [104] Her biographer Emily Arnold McCully, believed that her emotional, rather than reasoned stance, on women's issues may have tarnished her long-term legacy. degree and an M.A. She was a founding member of the local sorority that became the Mu chapter of the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority in 1876. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. I told Mommy that I was going to run away, but obviously, as a three year old, I did not find my way. The negative turn in her family’s monetary situation amongst many others was due to the ever-expanding Rockefeller empire. She tracked down leads and then confirmed their sources. How a female investigative journalist brought down the world’s greatest tycoon and broke up the Standard Oil monopoly. [57][65] She followed up on a lost 1856 speech by Lincoln by tracking down Henry Clay Whitney—who claimed to have written down notes—and then confirming his notes via other witnesses. [71] She and Phillips were described as the "control" to S. S. McClure's "motor. She was one of the leading muckrakers of the Progressive Era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and pioneered investigative journalism. Ze was een van de toonaangevende muckrakers van de Progressieve Era van de late 19e en vroege 20e eeuw en pionier onderzoeksjournalistiek.Geboren in Pennsylvania in het begin van de olie-boom, is Tarbell best bekend voor haar 1904 boek, De … [92] There, she participated in the group's programs which included teaching immigrant women English, job and homemaking skills. [97] She wrote articles about the disarmament conference for McClure's syndicate and published them later in the book, Peacemakers—Blessed and Otherwise. She earned $10,000 for the book, and although she thought her work was courageous, critics described her work as cowardly. Ontdek de perfecte stockfoto's over Ida Tarbell en redactionele nieuwsbeelden van Getty Images Kies uit premium Ida Tarbell van de hoogste kwaliteit. [34] This allowed her to continue her own study at home in biology using microscopes. Convinced that Tarbell was just the kind of writer that he wanted to work for him he showed up at Tarbell's door in Paris while on a scheduled visit to France in 1892 to offer her the editor position at the new magazine. [1] Born in Pennsylvania at the onset of the oil boom, Tarbell is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company. [105] Tarbell felt that "the drive for suffrage" was "a misguided war on men". Ida M. Tarbell, ca. [6][9][16], Tarbell's father later became an oil producer and refiner in Venango County. She set an example that today’s practitioners would do well to emulate. [9][8] In another incident, three women died in a kitchen explosion. [108] Even Tarbell's own mother, Esther, who was a lifelong suffragette, criticized Ida's position. John D. Rockefeller . [10] Tarbell's schedule for the book was tight—the first installment came out only six weeks after she initially started her work. i think one of her hobbies was to help. As the muckraking journalist of McClure's Magazine who helped focus national attention on the trust problem in the first decade of the twentieth century, Ida M. Tarbell is forever linked with the reforming spirit of the Progressive Era. [3], The investigative techniques she developed while researching this volume influenced Steve Weinberg, one-time executive director of the non-profit Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc., to base training programs for the NGO and classrooms using her methodology. Oil was everywhere in the sand, pits, and puddles. What were Ida B Wells hobbies? [8] Her family was Methodist and attended church twice a week. Ida Tarbell House - The Ida Tarbell House is a historic house at 320 Valley Road in Easton, Connecticut. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 - January 6, 1944) was an American author and journalist, known as one of the leading muckrakers. . Ida TARBELL born Ida Minerva TARBELL American teacher, author and journalist. Ida Minerva Tarbell (5 tháng 11 năm 1857 – 6 tháng 1 năm 1944) là một nhà văn, nhà báo điều tra, người viết tiểu sử và giảng viên người Mỹ. Tarbell is named after the pioneering investigative journalist and lecturer Ida Minerva Tarbell. [57], It was at this time that Tarbell decided to be a writer and not an editor. Ida Tarbell’s Abraham Lincoln biography series ‘The Life of Abraham Lincoln’, is considered to be one of the most informative pieces written about the slain president. Ida Tarbell was een Amerikaanse journalist die vooral bekend stond om haar baanbrekende onderzoeksrapportage die leidde tot het uiteenvallen van het monopolie van de Standard Oil Company. Samuel Clemens (author Mark Twain), introduced Tarbell to Henry H. Rogers, Vice-President at Standard Oil and considered to be the third man after John D. Rockefeller and his brother William Rockefeller. [136] Each statement she made was supported by facts so much so that her early works have been described as drowning in facts. [86] Rogers, wily and normally guarded in matters related to business and finance, may have been under the impression her work was to be complimentary and was apparently unusually forthcoming. [32] After two years, she realized teaching was too much for her, and she returned home. [44] Tarbell published the short story, France Adorée, in the December 1891 issue of Scribner's Magazine. "[35], Tarbell wrote two articles that showcased her conflicting views on the roles of women that would follow her through her life. In many ways, Ida Tarbell exemplified the dilemma of many women at the turn of the century. [56] While working on the series, Tarbell was introduced to historian and educator Herbert B. Adams of Johns Hopkins University. [1], Magazine historian Frank Luther Mott called it, "one of the greatest serials ever to appear in an American magazine. Ida Tarbell (1857-1944), the sole woman who matriculated in 1876 and graduated in Allegheny College’s class of 1880 [see additional note below], was America’s first great woman journalist. [130][131] Muckrakers like Tarbell and Upton Sinclair, on the other hand, wrote detailed, thoroughly verified, and accurate descriptions of the social issues of their day,[131][132] laying the groundwork for legal changes, ethical standards in journalism, and what is now known as investigative journalism. She was reared in a culture that believed that women and men were different and had complimentary natures: Women were thought to be morally superior to men, but men were women’s intellectual superiors. Tarbell suffered from nightmares for the rest of her life. [9] Walter became an oilman like his father, while Sarah was an artist. [9], The Tarbells were socially active, entertaining prohibitionists and women's suffragists. [143] Tarbell would gather the books, transcripts, and clippings she needed, put them in order and write. [46], Tarbell had published articles with the syndicate run by publisher Samuel McClure, and McClure had read a Tarbell article called The Paving of the Streets of Paris by Monsieur Alphand, which described how the French carried out large public works. Gladys claimed this was because she was sleeping with half the Assembly, but considering our sparse staffing I couldn’t afford to look a gift whore in the mouth. She sent hundreds of letters looking for images of Lincoln and found evidence of more than three hundred previously unpublished Lincoln letters and speeches. These tenants included young men from Egypt, and among them was Prince Said Toussoum, a cousin of the Egyptian ruler. [138], Tarbell was extremely thorough when conducting research. The idea that woman had a business assigned by nature and society which was of more importance than public life disturbed them; even if it was so, they did not want it emphasized". Ida Tarbell was an American journalist best known for her pioneering investigative reporting that led to the breakup of the Standard Oil Company’s monopoly. Op zoek naar artikelen van Ida M. Tarbell? Ida Tarbell Biography - Duration: 50:22. C $85.87; Buy It Now +C $10.76 shipping ; From United States; SPONSORED. Ida Tarbell. Who was the target of a major investigative journalism series written by Ida M. Tarbell for McClure's magazine in the early 1900s?..x. In early 1902 she conducted numerous detailed interviews with Rogers at Standard Oil's headquarters. [111] Tarbell lectured throughout the United States on subjects from the evils of war, peace, politics, trusts, tariffs, labor and labors of women. [100], When the United States joined World War I in April 1917, President Woodrow Wilson invited Tarbell to take part in a new committee: the Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Proceedings of the first Industrial conference (called by the President), Report of the President's Conference on unemployment, "MEDIA: Journalism's Greatest Hits: Two Lists of a Century's Top Stories", "Freetown author's books optioned in film, television series deals", "A Notable Pennsylvanian: Ida Minerva Tarbell, 1857–1944", Citizen Reporters: S.S. McClure, Ida Tarbell, and the Magazine that Rewrote America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ida_Tarbell&oldid=998677029, History of the petroleum industry in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The History of the Standard Oil Company.". [28] She was a member of the campus women's literary society, the Ossoli Society, named after writer Margaret Fuller Ossoli, and wrote for the society's publication, the Mosaic. At the time she began Lincoln's biography, he had been dead for only 30 years, and Tarbell traveled far and wide interviewing Lincoln's contemporaries. "[109] When asked if she believed that a woman would one day be President of the United States, Tarbell pointed out that women had ruled nations in some cases better than kings and pointed to examples of Catherine the Great of Russia, Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz of Prussia, Elizabeth I of England and Catherine de' Medici of France. [7] Tarbell had three younger siblings: Walter, Franklin, Jr., and Sarah. All those things that are at such a variance with the old work horse she calls herself and to the serious worker she is and is known for pleases me a lot". [71] She was paid $5,000 a year and given shares in the company, which made her a part-owner. Rockefeller had bought out Rogers and his partner, but then Rogers joined the trust. [9] Accidents that occurred in Rouseville impacted Ida Tarbell deeply. In recognition of this work she was named a Fellow of the Society of American Historians. Ida Tarbell was an accomplished and prominent woman in America between 1870 and 1912. Tarbell™ is a non-partisan news publication of To Be Fair, Inc.; an IRS-approved 501(c)3 non-profit organization.. Tarbell’s mission is to provide objective, investigative reporting on hard hitting topics effecting Americans; specifically related to healthcare, the environment, defense, and culture. Ida Tarbell was een Amerikaanse journalist geboren op 5 november 1857 in Erie County, Pennsylvania. [97] She wrote: "twenty million women did vote and should vote. [83][86] Even after the first articles began to appear in McClure’s, Rogers continued to speak with Tarbell, much to her surprise. [75], On her return to the states, Tarbell handed over the desk editor role to Lincoln Steffens[75] in 1901, and began a meticulous investigation with the help of an assistant(John Siddall) into how the industry began, Rockefeller's early interest in oil, and the Standard Oil trust. [92] Tarbell said of her own muckraking reputation, "Was it not the duty of those who were called muckrakers to rake up the good earth as well as the noxious? This type of journalism was branded "muckraking" by President Theodore Roosevelt. [13] Her family subscribed to Harper's Weekly, Harper's Monthly, and the New York Tribune and it was there that Ida Tarbell followed the events of the Civil War. She wrote to and interviewed hundreds of people who knew or had contact with Lincoln. [103] Former allies among suffragists were dismayed at her change and her speaking to anti-suffragist organizations. [92] The term muckraker came from John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress describing a Man with a Muckrake forever clearing muck from the floor. 1905-1945 - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Harris & Ewing Collection by Andy Piascik Muckraking journalism emerged at the end of the 19th century largely in response to the excesses of the Gilded Age, and Ida Tarbell … [143] When a chapter was finished and handed in, she reviewed the material again and rearranged its order for her next installment. She repeatedly turned down requests to become involved in causes like birth control and woman suffrage. [46][54] Tarbell assumed she would never see the money which was for her vacation, again, but his offices wired over the money the next day. The History of the Standard Oil Company is a book written by journalist Ida Tarbell in 1904. [60] Adams also taught at Smith College and was a proponent for women's education. Despite the fact that she thought she was the second coming of Ida Tarbell and Martha Gellhorn rolled into one I tolerated her. "[66] McClure would go on to use the money generated by Tarbell's articles to buy a printing plant and a bindery. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. The History of the Standard Oil Company (Unexpurgated Edition) (Halcyon Classics) Tarbell's family was familiar with the movement which encouraged adult education and self-study. [20], Ida Tarbell was intelligent—but also undisciplined in the classroom. degree in 1883. [124] Historian and Professor of History at the University of New Hampshire, Ellen F. FitzPatrick, called Tarbell one of the great American journalists of the 20th century. 1890 Tarbell moves to Paris to pursue a career as a writer and write a biography of Madame Roland- an influential figure during the French Revolution. [106] Historian Robert Stinson believed that she was making new public statements about the ambiguity she had lived in her own life, which defined women's roles based upon their nature and saw attempts to push the boundaries into men's realms as unnatural. Her landlady, Madame Bonnet, held weekly dinners for the women and her other tenants. [135] Tarbell's early background in the sciences brought a touch of scientific inquiry to her investigations. We need to get her to do some work for our magazine". Everything then is fresh, new. [97], Tarbell also wrote another biography, this one of Judge Elbert H. Gary, the chairman of U.S. Steel Corporation. [57], Tarbell's research in the backwoods of Kentucky and Illinois uncovered the true story of Lincoln's childhood and youth. Tarbell's brother Walter and his wife also came to live there after Walter suffered an emotional breakdown.[95]. Read the HTM, PDF versions of The Business of Being a Woman free-of-charge on youscribe.com A relentless pursuit of all the facts and fairness in presenting them marked her writing throughout her career. [101], Starting in 1909, Tarbell wrote more about women and traditional roles. She was the only woman in her class. Hobbies; Gay & Lesbian; Audiobooks; Best of; Sign in. Ida Tarbell is on Facebook. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson offered Tarbell a government position. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American teacher, author and journalist.She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is thought to have pioneered investigative journalism.She is best known for her 1904 book, The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed as No. [32] Together these [4] ushered in the era of muckraking journalism. "[109] She wrote about workplace safety and covered the realities of factories where women worked. As well as the establishing the new magazine in 1906 Tarbell moved to Connecticut and purchased a 40-acre farm in Redding Ridge, Connecticut which she named Twin Oaks. Oil Creek had flooded and inflammable material on the water had ignited and exploded. That rectitude, while sometimes suggesting inflexibility, drove her instincts for reform, a vital element in her future confrontation with Rockefeller. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. It was through the use of well-selected anecdotes in her biographies that Tarbell was able to breathe life into the subject and offer new perspectives. [115] Among recommendations of Tarbell's committee were protections aimed at the health of women workers including an eight-hour day, six-day work week and no work between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.[116] John D. Rockefeller was also a representative at the Conference. Search DSpace. [92] She had lost her father the previous year to gastric cancer and S. S. McClure's erratic behavior at the magazine contributed to her stress, as it threatened the stability of the magazine and Tarbell's holdings. Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944: Abraham Lincoln; an address delivered by Miss Ida Tarbell for the Students' lecture association of the University of Michigan, Friday evening, February the twelfth, 1909, in commemoration of the centennial anniversary of Lincoln's birth. [99] Feminist scholars viewed Tarbell as an enigma as she seemed to both embrace the movement and act as a critic. [27] Tarbell also led the charge to place a sophomore stone on campus dedicated to learning and with the Latin phrase, Spes sibi quisque, which translates to "Everyone is his/her own hope". Tarbell believed that "the Truth and motivations of powerful human beings could be discovered." Famous for her exposés of corporate America and for biographies of Abraham Lincoln, Tarbell was added to the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2000. When he returned, ragged from his 18-month journey, young Ida Tarbell was said to have told him, "Go away, bad man! Some of her former McClure's colleagues were also there for the Paris Peace Conference: John S. Phillips as editor of the Red Cross Magazine and Ray Stannard Baker as an assistant to President Woodrow Wilson. Come learn of them. All the radical element, and I numbered many friends among them, were begging me to join their movements. [137] Her method was also scholarly and driven by the demands of magazine deadlines. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. Ida Tarbell published her autobiography in 1939, "All in the Day's Work." Her Lincoln series was very popular, bringing in more than one hundred thousand new subscribers to the magazine. [113] The goal of the women's committee was to mobilize the war efforts of American women and the first issue addressed was a developing food crisis. The teacher was a refiner, and the young man took the papers to his teacher who passed them along to Tarbell in 1904. Ida M. Tarbell The Woman Who Challenged Big Business and Won. Browse. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Biography of Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Journalist Who Fought Racism. [46], Instead of taking up the editor position at McClure's, Tarbell began writing freelance articles for the magazine. Some features of this site may not work without it. Standard Oil. A prolific writer and lecturer, Tarbell was known for taking complex subjects—the oil industry, tariffs, labor practices—and breaking them down into informative and easily understood articles. McClure and Tarbell were restless in their initial publishing forays until McClure discovered Tarbell’s work and hired her. Tarbell traveled to Europe and met with S. S. McClure to get his buy-in for the idea. "John D. Rockefeller: A Character Study." [4] Instead of focusing on muckraking journalism, the magazine steered away from reporting what was "wrong" in society and focused on what was "right. [106][97] Tarbell said of the book: "That title was like a red rag to many of my militant friends. Tarbell was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Pennsylvania Republicans. Follow. [46] She wrote articles about women intellectuals and writers in Paris as well as scientists. The encounter between Ida Tarbell, a historian and journalist, and the Standard Oil Company, controlled by J.D. Kathleen Brady is also the author of Ida Tarbell: Portrait of a Muckraker. [92] Tarbell also admired and wrote about Ford Motor Company founder Henry Ford and his belief that offering high pay would create excellent work, as well as his ideas around mass production. McGill had put together a list of close to 2,000 women. To offset the rates and put the independents out of business up with a showcase on women in journalism ]... Uss Maine was blown up in Pennsylvania Oil rush began in 1859 a in... Challenge popular beliefs and becoming the voice of the Police Gazette—a gruesome tabloid not... Of anecdotes gave New perspectives to her subjects 's early background in the group encouraged women plant! Walter, Franklin, Jr., and period painting was within a few blocks of Kappa! Also become Tarbell 's methodology for biographies of letters looking for Images Lincoln. Of Ohio in August 1880 with S. S. McClure 's in 1899, Ida 's position,... 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Was listed as no to see the bodies, but not by ''... And others you may know with a showcase on women in journalism in April.... Avenues for her, and among them was Prince said Toussoum, a future historian. She met Jane Addams and stayed at Hull House in Easton, Connecticut a.... Times-Star, and Tarbell frequently entertained friends there [ 7 ] Tarbell developed reporting! Study. 139 ] her method was also finally able to find a publisher—Scribner's—for her Madame book! Church twice a week that women 's suffrage [ 100 ], the discovery of Oil playing a role. Tarbell began her career as headmistress at Poland Union Seminary in Poland Ohio...
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