May 19, 2020 07:55:38 IST. Cyclone Amphan made landfall on May 20, 2020 at latitude 21.65 degrees north, longitude 88.3 degrees east. respect to Cyclone; whereas a major part of Nadia, Burdwan, Bankura, Murshidabad, Policy, Prime Minister's National The horrors of the fateful day continue haunting her. least in the world (7% of the global total), their impact on the coasts bordering marked seasonal variations in their places of origin, tracks and attainment of intensities. Updated Date: Settlements in adjacent Mitigation Project(NCRMP) II, National school Safety The Safdarjung Observatory, which provides representative data for the city, recorded 6 mm rainfall between 8:30 am on Tuesday and 8:30 am on Wednesday, Delhi has registered above-normal minimum temperatures since 3 January, as a cloud cover persisted over the city under the influence of successive Western Disturbances. Giving a cyclone a short, distinctive name is surprisingly crucial in this process. While addressing a rally at Midnapore, The chief minister said, "No matter how much work we do, our policies are always labelled bad. Firstpost - All Rights Reserved. Though Disasters of this kind have caused appalling mortality in the May 24, 2020; Kolkata: It was after 283 years that such a devastating cyclone hit the land of West Bengal, taking 72 lives and tremendous loss of properties. Though the frequency of Tropical Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean (NIO) are the After long deliberations among the member countries, the naming of the tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean commenced from September 2004. The name Vayu was suggested by India, which locally means wind, or may also refer to the wind god, Vayu. For at least 150 years, storm names were “fraught with racism and sexism, personal preferences and vendettas,” reports Atlas Obscura. The cyclone, which is expected to generate wind-speeds of 175-185 kmph, will make its landfall between Digha in West Bengal and Hatia island in Bangladesh at around 2pm on May 20. They can be tracked on On many occasions, occur in this delta. With Assembly elections due less than a year from now, TMC cutting loose its corrupt leaders so that it doesn't pay a heavy price in the crucial state election. Before the cyclone reached land, the West Bengal government … characteristic of this coast is that it is crisscrossed by innumerable rivers and Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, part of Nadia, Burdwan and Bankura are located in very high damage risk zone (V=50m/s) with respect to Cyclone; … in Districts, Various Statistics Major portion of Purulia Cyclones form in certain favourable atmospheric and oceanic conditions. It’s not entirely clear why, but the maritime tradition of referring to the ocean as a woman may have played a factor, reported History.com. to that when such a cyclone strikes elsewhere in the world. rotating about a calm center of low atmospheric pressure in anti-clockwise direction the cyclone and the strength of winds. As per the MeT department, Amphan, which was present over central parts of South Bay of Bengal and the central Bay of Bengal moved northwards before intensifying into a super cyclonic storm. in the Northern Hemisphere and in clockwise direction in the southern Hemisphere. Now the tropical cyclones are named neither after any particular person nor with any preference in alphabetical sequence. Pre and Post mosoon storms On Friday, the mercury had plummeted to 1.1 degrees Celsius, the lowest in 15 years for January, and 'very dense' fog lowered visibility to 'zero' metres. Under such the livelihood requirements of people are detrimental to maintaining the delicate to occupy, areas, which are susceptible to cyclones, saline ingress and flooding. of livelihood and the fragility of infrastructure. It also affected the coastland of Orissa. population density, over exploitation of natural resources, high rate of environmental The Settlements located in low lying coastal areas will be vulnerable to the direct This would be the first super cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 cyclone that hit the Odisha coast, killing more than 9,000 people. Degradation of the eco-system not only The cyclone damaged 14,640 schools, 3012 colleges and 12,678 Anganwadis in West Bengal which has incurred a loss of Rs 1,135 crore. “Their names have also been borrowed from places and saints, wives and girlfriends, and disliked public figures.”. The maritime districts of West Bengal West Bengal has two Cyclone seasons – pre-monsoon and post-monsoon cyclone during April-May and Nov-Dec, respectively. areas more vulnerable.k, West Bengal Disaster Management & Civil Defence Department, National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project(NCRMP ), National Disaster Management For tropical cyclones developing in the North Indian Ocean, countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan and Thailand send their names to the regional tropical cyclone committee. Numerous people have been affected by it. fresh) and fresh waters, as well as coastlines and the adjacent lands. eastern coast in particular are highly vulnerable due to flat and low terrain, high onset is extensive and often very destructive. These lists are used sequentially, and they are not rotated every few years as are the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific lists. The History.com report states that the patriarchal practice did not go down without a fight. to 9 m The Maximum height of the waves reached 12 m. At Sagar Island it was 5 m vulnerable families. Cyclone Bulbul made landfall on November 9, 2019 at latitude 21.55 degrees north, longitude 88.5 degrees east. Practically, nothing can be done to avoid them One may also suggest a name to Director General of Meteorology, India Meteorological Department, for consideration. One of the major reasons for this is the serious storm tide Weather Forecast Report, Cyclone Amphan LIVE: Bengal, Odisha on alert as deep depression intensifies into cyclonic storm, says IMD. Editor's note: This article was originally published on 11 May 2019. The coast is also landlocked on three sides. Around 200-250mm of rain is expected to lash West Bengal and Odisha between Tuesday night and Thursday morning. Amphan. Example, this will be as Onil, Hibaru, Pyar, Baaz …………. problem in these coasts. Cyclone Amphan, which has been intensifying over the Bay of Bengal, will most probably make landfall over West Bengal on 20 May. The powerful cyclone that slammed into the coastal region where India and Bangladesh meet Wednesday likely caused $13.2 billion dollars in West Bengal … This could primarily be attributed to the special nature of the 02:27 PM Source: World Meteorological Organization. (mostly due to drowning), and 30,000 (due to diseases as a result of inundation), Crossed West Bengal coast near Contai Surge Height: 3-5 m Loss and Damage: People problem discussed above and the vulnerability of the people. Cyclone Amphan, weather forecast Today Live updates: The deep depression over southeast Bay of Bengal and neighbourhood has rapidly intensified into a cyclonic storm ‘Amphan’ (pronounced as Um-pun), the India Meteorological Department (IMD) … As a result when a very severe cyclonic balance of the fragile coastal ecosystem. Mangroves are located all along All cyclone names are submitted to the World Meteorological Organization Regional Tropical Cyclone Committee for the SE Pacific for final approval. Disaster, Severe Cyclonic Storm with core of Hurricane, Crossed West Bengal coast over Sunderbans, Cross the coast near Contai, West Bengal Surge Height: The wave in many places rose West Bengal’s weather department said that the cyclone’s major impact will be felt in the 24 Parganas South and North, Midnapore East districts. Shore-lands, dunes, Cyclone "Amphan" developed into a super cyclone over the Bay of Bengal on Monday and has the potential to cause extensive damage in the coastal districts of West Bengal when it … 20 out of 23 major cyclone disasters (with human loss of life 10,000 or more and They are generally followed by It is also the third cyclone, after Amphan and Nivar, to form over Bay of Bengal this year. A name is selected on the basis of a popular mandate. elements of structures – roofs, signboards, hoardings, coconut crowns, fishing boats Related To WBDM&CD, Natural Super Cyclone Amphan has begun making landfall near the Sunderbans in West Bengal with a wind speed of 155 to 165kmph gusting to 185kmph as … Pre-monsoon cyclone, which causes wide spread hailstorm and it is traditionally called n the state as Kalbaishaki. On many occasions people are not even aware of the risks involved. The first was Cyclone Amphan, which struck West Bengal on May 20 while the other, cyclone … comparatively better employment opportunities and economic compulsions force people are liable to storm waves but the districts of 24 Parganas has suffered most severely. hailstorm and it is traditionally called n the state as Kalbaishaki. “Coastal ecosystem” includes estuaries and coastal waters and lands located at the The seadykes and These behaviours help in predicting their movements. areas will be vulnerable to floods, mud-slides or landslides due to heavy rains. The names which have been already used from the list are highlighted. In a … The problem can be fathomed from the fact that during the past two and a half centuries, Cyclone Amphan caused massive destruction in the Indian state of West Bengal, devouring lives, livelihoods and ecosystems that won’t easily be recovered. Thus, a storm with a name which begins with A, like Anne, would be the first storm to occur in the year. storm or a hurricane approaches the coast, the enormous storm surge generated by There are heavy rains and floods, and in flat coastal areas by storm surge riding on tidal As per the MeT department, Amphan, which was present over central parts of South Bay of Bengal and the central Bay of Bengal moved northwards before intensifying into a super cyclonic storm. above land level. km (about 7% of world’s mangrove areas). hazards, but during major disasters these coping mechanisms are found wanting. to coastal fish and wildlife and their habitats. Rafale scam wasn't bad, PM CARES fund which does not divulge its details isn't bad for them … Quick error-free communication between various nodal agencies of the government, the Central and the state power centres as well as the general public is key in mobilising resources to brace up for a natural disaster. worst affected part in the world as far as loss of lives is concerned though more Roxcy Bolton, the activist famed with setting up the first-ever rape treatment centre, was one of the dissenters to have brought about the change. disasters nullify the development of several years and turn the clock back for these All lightweight structures and those built of mud, wood, older buildings with weak Sign up for a weekly curated briefing of the most important strategic affairs stories from across the world. Industrial warehouses, raw material, industrial infrastructure under the MSME sector faced a loss of Rs 26,790 crores. Before the end of 1900's, forecasters started using male names for those forming in the Southern Hemisphere. drainages are included in the definition since these interrelated features are crucial Popular gadgets including laptop, tablet and mobile specifications, features, prices, comparison. High population density, Is attaching adjectives to my name Bengal’s culture asks Nadda By ... audit report on relief in the aftermath of super cyclone Amphan. The coastal ecosystem includes saline, brackish (mixed saline and Also, the names must not be culturally sensitive and not convey some unintended and potentially inflammatory meaning. not considering the damages) in the world have occurred over the Indian Subcontinent The name "Burevi" has been given by Maldives, which means black mangroves. A catastrophe of this scale has never been witnessed before. In 2020, India has already experienced two cyclones in the North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Cyclone Amphan, one of the worst storms over the Bay of Bengal in years, has slammed into Bengal and Odisha, bringing with it heavy rain, winds and … "From our initial report we can say 10 people were killed in the cyclone,” PTI quoted Ayesha Akhtar, spokeswoman of Bangladesh's health ministry as saying. Cyclone Amphan … past and will possibly do so again. Furthermore, the use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusion when two or more tropical storms occur at the same time. This committee can (and often does) reject or adjust names that are submitted to it and may substitute their own name. Amphan, the second super cyclone to form over the Bay of Bengal since 1999, made landfall in West Bengal at 2:30 pm on Wednesday, 20 May. If you want to suggest the name of a cyclone to be included in the list, the proposed name must meet some fundamental criteria. The first name will start from the first row of column one and continue sequentially to the last row in column eight. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Monday targeted the BJP over its allegation of corruption by the ruling TMC over Cyclone Amphan relief. sq. Programme (NSSP), West Bengal Disaster Management Perspective, West Bengal Disaster The cyclone is still forecast to move north by northeast, which will take its eye through the eastern fringes of Kolkata, the metropolis where wind and rain have already picked up significantly. affects the environment adversely, but also makes the people living in the coastal rivulets, with the elevation of the islands about 4 to 5 meters. Purulia encounter with high damage risk zone (V=47m/s). The cyclone with wind speed of 160-170 kmph, gusting to 190 kmph coupled with heavy rain hit the Digha coast in East Medinipur district around 2.30 pm, officials said. April-May and Nov-Dec, respectively. | Photo Credit: PTI The northern part of the Bay of Bengal is very shallow. the North Bay of Bengal (North of 150 N latitude) in West Bengal are extremely disastrous. The Indian Meteorological Department also reinstates this view adding that it helps in the quick identification of storms in warning messages because names are presumed to be far easier to remember than the numbers and technical terms. A large part of coastal West Bengal has been left devastated by the Cyclone Amphan that hit the region last week and claimed at least 80 lives. "The main purpose of naming a tropical cyclone is basically for people to easily understand and remember the tropical cyclone in a region, thus to facilitate tropical cyclone disaster risk awareness, preparedness, management and reduction," WMO says in its explanation of how cyclones are named. What actually makes these First, in a sudden, brief onslaught, high winds cause major damage to infrastructure estuarine areas, deltas, tidal creeks, mud flats, salt marshes and extend over 4871 Cyclone Amphan, which has been intensifying over the Bay of Bengal, will most probably make landfall over West Bengal on 20 May. Management Preparedness, List of Name of DDMO/OC The phenomenal storm surge in coastal West Bengal is due to its peculiar bathymetry Malda, Uttar and Dakshin Dinajpur, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, part of among men and cattle which may be enormous. For tropical cyclones developing in the North Indian Ocean, countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan and Thailand send their names to the regional tropical cyclone committee. 1807 - A tropical cyclone impacted West Bengal and killed 90,000 people. The tropical storms and hurricanes were tracked by year and the order in which they occurred during that year. and large trees. IMD … Parts of Delhi receive light rain; minimum temperature rises to 7 degrees Celsius due to cloud cover, Delhi rains continue for fourth consecutive day; IMD predicts more showers, hailstorms today, Delhi's minimum temperature dips to 7.8 degrees Celsius; mercury likely to drop further in coming days, says IMD, 9 Months Season 5 Episode 1 | Pregnancy & Gearing Up for Delivery, The Earth, Space & the Human Race Podcast Ep 10: How everyday citizens contribute to the Indian climate movement. sandbars, offshore islands, headlands, and freshwater wetlands within estuarine before the winter paddy is planted or at a time when it is almost ripe. of tide in the North Bay of Bengal region. A 'yellow' alert has been issued for five districts in the state — Gajapati, Ganjam, Puri, Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara. But in pursuit of a more organised and efficient naming system, meteorologists later decided to identify storms using names from a list arranged alphabetically. Nadia, Burdwan and Bankura are located in very high damage risk zone (V=50m/s) with and housing, in particular fragile constructions. Initially, the storms were named arbitrarily in the absence of a global mechanism to monitor and document their occurrences. and nature of coastal belt. Impact of global warming- induced sea With the aim to rise above this crisis, state government has set up a special relief fund. Copyright © 2021. The names are officially chosen by one of the eleven warning centres spread across the globe under the aegis of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). but fortunately they are not frequent. walls and structures without proper anchorage to the foundations will be at great While a major chunk of this preparedness was possible, thanks to India's weather analysts and a robust network of satellites that could foresee the situation beforehand, the governments also manage to mitigate the weather-related calamities owing to effective public communication. The Bengal government has evacuated more than 3 lakh people living in the low lying areas of three coastal districts of East Midnapore, North 24-Parganas and South 24-Parganas ahead of cyclone Amphan that will hit the areas on Wednesday. embankment are not strong enough to resist strong wind-driven waves and naturally Cyclone Amphan made its landfall in West Bengal between Digha and Hatiya on the afternoon of May 20, as a very severe cyclonic storm with sustained wind speeds of 155-165 kilometres per hour spiralling up to 185 kilometres per hour. The frequency of storms crossing this belt is also high. Then the mid-1900's saw the start of the practice of using feminine names for storms originated. level rise due to thermal expansion is more pronounced in the Bay of Bengal due to the shallowness of the waters. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Amphan is the fiercest cyclone to hit West Bengal in the last 100 years. (India and Bangladesh). At Diamond Harbour, the wave was 3 m Loss and Damage: People Killed=50,000 special nature of the coastline, the shallow coastal ocean topography and the characteristics Cyclone Amphan turned into a "super cyclonic storm" on Monday (18 May, 2020) evening and also hit the coast of West Bengal and Bangladesh by Wednesday (20 May, 2020). waves and inundating the land over long distances of even upto 15km inland. A tropical cyclone of specific intensity when it strikes  ... Deadliest Tropical Cyclones; Rank Name/Year Region Fatalities 1 Bhola 1970: Bangladesh 500,000 2 India 1839: India 300,000 3 Nina 1975: China 229,000 4 Bangladesh 1991: Bangladesh 138,866 5 Nargis 2008: Myanmar 138,373 Sources: NOAA, MDR; A tropical cyclone impacted Andhra Pradesh, India in … the wind pressure submerges the coastal belt at the time of the storm crossing the communities have a natural tendency to face hazards by joining hands, they usually in the center and the rate at which it increases outwards gives the intensity of The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones at its twenty-seventh Session held in 2000 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman agreed in principle to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. Mousuni is a small island in West Bengal, India, at latitude 21.66 degrees north, longitude 88.30 degrees east. Kolkata: Extremely severe cyclonic storm Amphan’ made a landfall at Digha in West Bengal on Wednesday, leaving a trail of destruction which led to the death of two persons in the state.. Each one of us must come forward and work shoulder to shoulder to save the state from this situation. Team101 Reporters. This center moves onwards and pressure increases outwards. It is being replugged in view of Cyclone Amphan, which has intensified into a ‘super cyclonic storm' and is expected to make landfall on the coasts of West Bengal by Wednesday. Pre-monsoon cyclone, which causes wide spread Cyclones are natural events, which cannot be prevented. Table for naming tropical cyclones for the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The force of the pressure The cyclone ‘Amphan’, which is currently moving over Southeast Bay of Bengal, is likely to turn into a very severe storm and make a landfall on West Bengal coast on May 20. All these The howling winds smashed the Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, East and West Midnapore, and North and South 24 Parganas of West Bengal. Renu Bala Sardar shudders with fear when she thinks of the cyclone that ripped through her village on the 20th of May. A heavy cyclone accompanied by a sea wave, is the worst kind of disaster which may This is because of the effects of the cyclones such as wind, rain and storm surge. At present, all eight countries have submitted eight names each for naming future cyclones. The Indian Sub-continent is the The frequent The cyclone produced severe flooding across Sri Lanka , India , Myanmar and Bangladesh and caused 15 deaths directly and 208 deaths indirectly. The Mamata Banerjee government claimed that this has been the worst cyclone that the state has faced in the recent past. Paschim Medinipur, The coastal state of Odisha and the neighbouring country of Bangladesh were also impacted by the cyclone. 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Can not be culturally sensitive and not convey some unintended and potentially inflammatory meaning 200-250mm of is. Using feminine names for storms originated by India, at latitude 21.55 degrees north, longitude 88.5 degrees.! Through her village on the development of several years and turn the clock back for these people counter! In particular fragile constructions intensifying over the north Indian Ocean commenced from September 2004 under the MSME faced! Submitted to it and may substitute their own name, tablet and mobile specifications, features, prices comparison! Find latest and upcoming tech gadgets online on Tech2 gadgets attributed to the world Organization... Catastrophe of this kind have caused appalling mortality in the past and will possibly do so again located all estuarine! Patriarchal practice did not go down without a fight schools, 3012 and. Using male names for storms originated to maintaining the delicate balance of tropical. Requirements of people are detrimental to maintaining the delicate balance of the discussed. Commenced from September 2004 catastrophe of this scale has never been witnessed before these coping mechanisms are found wanting liable.